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Cancer Lett. 2014 Feb 28;343(2):268-74. doi: 10.1016/j.canlet.2013.09.032. Epub 2013 Oct 4.

Nanosecond pulsed electric fields as a novel drug free therapy for breast cancer: an in vivo study.

Author information

1
College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China.
2
Academy of Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China.
3
College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; Academy of Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China. Electronic address: zhangjue@pku.edu.cn.
4
College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; Academy of Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China.

Abstract

Nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEFs) is a novel non-thermal approach to induce cell apoptosis. NsPEFs has been proven effective in treating several murine tumors, but few studies focus on its efficacy in treating human tumors. To determine if nsPEFs is equally effective in treatment of human breast cancer, 30 human breast cancer tumors across 30Balb/c (nu/nu) mice were exposed to 720 pulses of 100ns duration, at 4pulsespersecond and 30kV/cm. Two weeks after treatment, the growth of treated tumors was inhibited by 79%. Morphological changes of tumors were observed via a 3.0T clinical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system with a self-made surface coil. Pulsed tumors exhibited apoptosis evaluated by TUNEL staining, inhibition in Bcl-2 expression and decreased blood vessel density. Notably, CD34, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and VEGF receptor (VEGFR) expression in treated tumors were strongly suppressed. To evaluate the might-be adverse effects of nsPEFs in healthy tissues, normal skin was treated exactly the same way as tumors, and pulsed skin showed no permanent damages. The results suggest nsPEFs is able to inhibit human breast cancer development and suppress tumor blood vessel growth, indicating nsPEFs may serve as a novel therapy for breast cancer in the future.

KEYWORDS:

Breast cancer; Cancer therapy; Inhibition of angiogenesis; Pulsed electric fields

PMID:
24099912
DOI:
10.1016/j.canlet.2013.09.032
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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