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Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol. 2013 Nov-Dec;48(6):254-8. doi: 10.1016/j.regg.2013.07.001. Epub 2013 Oct 5.

[Geriatric assessment and factors associated with mortality in elderly patients with heart failure admitted to an acute geriatric unit].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Servicio de Geriatría, Parc Sanitari Pere Virgili, Barcelona, España. Electronic address: troig@perevirgili.catsalut.net.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES:

Heart failure (HF) is very prevalent in older adults, and is associated with a high mortality. The prediction of the outcome of HF and the identification of patients in advanced stages is difficult. The present work aims at identifying variables of the geriatric assessment and other clinical variables associated with an increased risk of death at one year in older adults with HF.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Prospective study of 101 patients (mean age, 85.9 ± 6.3 years, 81% women) admitted during 2006 to an Acute Geriatric Unit, with principal diagnosis of HF. We recorded: demographic data, predisposing heart disease, main trigger of exacerbation, comorbidity, number of prescriptions at discharge and specific treatment of HF, average length-of-stay, readmissions, and mortality at one year after discharge. Geriatric assessment included: disability in basic (Barthel index) and instrumental (Lawton index) activities of daily living, cognitive function (Pfeiffer test), comorbidity (Charlson index), and geriatric syndromes.

RESULTS:

In a multivariable logistic regression model, previous disability (lower Barthel index) (OR [95%CI]=1.03 [1.01-1.06]; P=.040) and higher number of re-admissions (OR [95%CI]=3.53 [1.19-10.44]; P=.023) were associated with 1-year mortality. Female sex had a protective effect (OR [95%CI]=0.15 [0.04-0.59]; P=.007).

CONCLUSIONS:

Disability in the basic activities of daily living and re-admissions were associated with increased 1-year mortality in older adults, whereas female sex was protective. If confirmed in further studies, these data could reinforce the need for a systematic comprehensive geriatric assessment in older adults with HF.

KEYWORDS:

Anciano; Elderly; Geriatric assessment; Heart failure; Insuficiencia cardíaca; Mortalidad; Mortality; Valoración geriátrica integral

PMID:
24099900
DOI:
10.1016/j.regg.2013.07.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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