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Can J Anaesth. 2013 Dec;60(12):1197-203. doi: 10.1007/s12630-013-0044-2. Epub 2013 Oct 5.

New supraglottic airway with built-in pressure indicator decreases postoperative pharyngolaryngeal symptoms: a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, 399 Bathurst Street, Toronto, ON, M5T 2S8, Canada, david.wong@uhn.ca.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Excessive supraglottic airway cuff pressure increases postoperative pharyngolaryngeal symptoms such as sore throat, dysphonia, and dysphagia. A new supraglottic airway, AES Ultra CPV™ (CPV), has a built-in intracuff pressure indicator. We hypothesized that using the CPV would reduce postoperative symptoms when compared with the LMA Classic™ (LMA) without intracuff pressure guidance.

METHODS:

Ambulatory patients undergoing general anesthesia were randomized to either CPV or LMA. A size 3/4/5 was inserted according to manufacturer guidelines. Nitrous oxide was not used. In the LMA Group, the cuff was inflated according to manufacturer's guidelines. In the CPV Group, a CPV was inserted and the cuff inflated until the indicator was in the green zone (30-44 mmHg). Intracuff pressures were measured at five minutes and 20 min post-insertion in both groups. The primary outcome was the incidence of pharyngolaryngeal symptoms, defined as sore throat, dysphonia, and/or dysphagia at one, two, and/or 24 hr postoperatively. Continuous data were compared using Student's t test and categorical data were analyzed using Chi square analysis.

RESULTS:

The study included 170 patients, 85 per group. The mean (SD) intracuff pressure in the CPV group was significantly lower [44 (4) mmHg] than in the LMA Group [87 (37) mmHg]; P < 0.001. The incidence of pharyngolaryngeal symptoms was significantly lower in the CPV Group than in the LMA Group (26% vs 49%; P = 0.002). The absolute risk reduction was 24%, and the number-needed-to-treat was 4.3.

CONCLUSION:

The incidence of postoperative pharyngolaryngeal symptoms in the CPV Group with a cuff pressure-guided strategy was significantly lower than in the LMA Group with standard practice. (

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER:

NCT01800344).

PMID:
24097301
DOI:
10.1007/s12630-013-0044-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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