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Clin Res Cardiol. 2014 Feb;103(2):97-106. doi: 10.1007/s00392-013-0625-7. Epub 2013 Oct 6.

Impact of real-time contact force and impedance measurement in pulmonary vein isolation procedures for treatment of atrial fibrillation.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine I, Klinikum Grosshadern, University of Munich and Munich Heart Alliance, Marchionistraße 15, 81377, Munich, Germany, reza.wakili@med.uni-muenchen.de.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is an established procedure to treat atrial fibrillation (AF). New techniques are necessary to improve procedural parameters like shortening of procedure duration. Real-time contact force (CF) catheters are new tools aiming to improve PVI by optimizing electrode-tissue contact and generating more effective lesions. Objective of this study was to investigate the influence on procedural parameters and clinical outcome by using a CF catheter for PVI.

METHODS:

PVI was performed on 67 consecutive patients using a CF catheter (n = 32) or a standard ablation catheter (SAC, n = 35). Study endpoints included number of energy applications, impedance drop, fluoroscopy time, and left atrial (LA) procedure time and freedom from AF after 6 and 12 months.

RESULTS:

Procedural endpoint was reached in all patients with a similar clinical outcome (freedom from AF) in both groups 6 months (62.9 vs. 62.5%) and 12 months post PVI (59.4 vs. 62.9% in CF vs. SAC group, respectively). However, CF-guided ablation resulted in a greater fall of impedance (6.58 ± 0.33 vs. 9.09 ± 0.53 Ω, *** p < 0.001), lower number of energy applications (44.20 ± 3.67 vs. 34.06 ± 3.11, * p < 0.05), reduction of LA procedure time (95.52 ± 7.35 vs. 78.08 ± 7.23* min) and a significant reduction of fluoroscopy time (51.4 ± 3.3 vs. 33.0 ± 2.7*** min). In addition, a detailed analysis showed a significant correlation between quantitative impedance drop and amount of CF applied, suggesting more efficient lesion creation by CF-guided ablation.

CONCLUSION:

Use of CF catheters in PVI has a beneficial effect on procedural parameters, probably by improving efficacy of transmural lesion formation.

PMID:
24096555
DOI:
10.1007/s00392-013-0625-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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