Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2014 Feb;64(Pt 2):462-8. doi: 10.1099/ijs.0.053397-0. Epub 2013 Oct 4.

Methyloceanibacter caenitepidi gen. nov., sp. nov., a facultatively methylotrophic bacterium isolated from marine sediments near a hydrothermal vent.

Author information

Institute for Geo-resources and Environments, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8567, Japan.


A moderately thermophilic, methanol-oxidizing bacterium (strain Gela4(T)) was isolated from methane-utilizing mixed-culture originating from marine sediment near a hydrothermal vent. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain Gela4(T) was closely related to members of the genus 'Methyloligella' (94.7% similarity) within the class Alphaproteobacteria. Strain Gela4(T) was a Gram-staining-negative and aerobic organism. Cells were rod-shaped and non-motile. The temperature range for growth of strain Gela4(T) was 19-43 °C (optimal growth at 35 °C). Strain Gela4(T) tolerated up to 9% NaCl with an optimum at 1%. The organism was a facultative methylotroph that could utilize methanol, methylamine, trimethylamine and a variety of multi-carbon compounds. The major cellular fatty acid and major respiratory quinone were C18 : 1ω7c and ubiquinone-10, respectively. The predominant phospholipids were phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine. The DNA G+C content was 63.9 mol%. On the basis of the morphological, physiological, biochemical and genetic information, a novel genus and species, Methyloceanibacter caenitepidi is proposed, with Gela4(T) ( = NBRC 109540(T) = DSM 27242(T)) as the type strain.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Ingenta plc
Loading ...
Support Center