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Can J Ophthalmol. 2013 Oct;48(5):386-93. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjo.2013.03.022.

Microperimetry, fundus autofluorescence, and retinal layer changes in progressing geographic atrophy.

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Department of Ophthalmology, University of Padova, Padova.



To analyze correlation among microperimetry, inner and outer retinal layers, and fundus autofluorescence (FAF) changes in eyes with progressing geographic atrophy (GA) secondary to age-related macular degeneration.


Microperimetry, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), standard short-wavelength FAF (SW-FAF), and near-infrared-wavelength FAF (NIR-FAF) were performed for all patients at both baseline and follow-up visits. FAF pattern, integrity of photoreceptor inner segment/outer segment (IS/OS) junction, total retinal thickness (RT), inner retinal layers (IRL), and outer retinal layers (ORL) thickness changes of every microperimetry extrafoveal tested point were analyzed.


A total of 366 microperimetry tested points were analyzed (6 patients, 7 eyes). Mean retinal sensitivity significantly decreased (p = 0.0149), and the percentage of dense scotomas significantly increased (p = 0.0125). Mean RT and mean ORL thickness significantly decreased (both p < 0.0001). Mean IRL thickness significantly increased (p = 0.0001). The decrease of ORL thickness was inversely correlated to the IRL thinning (rho = -0.710). FAF pattern at baseline was correlated to RT and ORL thickness (both p < 0.0001) and was significantly correlated to the risk to evolve to dense scotoma during follow-up (p = 0.0001 at SW-FAF, p < 0.0001 at NIR-FAF). Tested points showing at baseline the loss of photoreceptor IS/OS junction had a greater risk for evolving to dense scotoma compared with those with intact photoreceptor IS/OS junction (odds ratio 3.56, 95% CI 2.41-5.27).


Retinal sensitivity changes are correlated to IRL and ORL thickness changes, and to photoreceptor IS/OS junction integrity. FAF patterns remain a relevant factor in predicting GA evolution. Microperimetry, SW-FAF and NIR-FAF, and SD-OCT should be combined to obtain adequate morphologic and functional prospective information.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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