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Anal Chim Acta. 2013 Oct 17;799:51-6. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2013.09.013. Epub 2013 Sep 12.

Fluorescence quenching studies on the interaction of a novel deepened cavitand towards some transition metal ions.

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Department of General and Physical Chemistry, University of Pécs, Ifjúság 6., H-7624 Pécs, Hungary; János Szentágothai Research Center, H-7624 Pécs, Ifjúság 20., Hungary.


A novel 'three-level' deepened cavitand featuring a significantly sizable portal has been synthesized and its interaction with some transition metal ions has been investigated in THF/H2O binary solvent using fluorescence quenching technique. The results suggest that among the used transition metal ions including Ag(+), Cd(2+), Cu(2+), Fe(3+), Cr(3+), Hg(2+), La(3+), Mn(2+), Ni(2+), Zn(2+) and Co(2+), only Fe(3+) and Cu(2+) show good quenching ability. In order to interpret the quenching mechanism, the Stern-Volmer kinetics, and the presence of both the dynamic and static quenching have been discussed. It was found that the simultaneous presence of the sphere-of-action static quenching and dynamic quenching model agrees very well with the experimental results. The limits of detection for Fe(3+) and Cu(2+) were found to be 2.1×10(-6) mol L(-1) (3σ) and 3.6×10(-6) mol L(-1) (3σ), respectively. Cations with potential interference, such as K(+), Na(+), Mg(2+), Ca(2+), Co(2+), La(3+) and Mn(2+) do not have significant effects on the determinations of Fe(3+) and Cu(2+). This cavitand can be potentially applied as optical sensor for the detection of Fe(3+) and Cu(2+).


Cavitand; Fluorescence quenching; The quenching sphere-of-action; Transition metal ions

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