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Top Stroke Rehabil. 2013 Sep-Oct;20(5):388-97. doi: 10.1310/tsr2005-388.

Retrospective analysis of outcomes from two intensive comprehensive aphasia programs.

Author information

1
University Center for the Development of Language and Literacy and Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Abstract

Positive outcomes from intensive therapy for individuals with aphasia have been reported in the literature. Little is known about the characteristics of individuals who attend intensive comprehensive aphasia programs (ICAPs) and what factors may predict who makes clinically significant changes when attending such programs. Demographic data on participants from 6 ICAPs showed that individuals who attend these programs spanned the entire age range (from adolescence to late adulthood), but they generally tended to be middle-aged and predominantly male. Analysis of outcome data from 2 of these ICAPs found that age and gender were not significant predictors of improved outcome on measures of language ability or functional communication. However, time post onset was related to clinical improvement in functional communication as measured by the Communication Activities of Daily Living, second edition (CADL-2). In addition, for one sample, initial severity of aphasia was related to outcome on the Western Aphasia Battery-Revised, such that individuals with more severe aphasia tended to show greater recovery compared to those with mild aphasia. Initial severity of aphasia also was highly correlated with changes in CADL-2 scores. These results suggest that adults of all ages with aphasia in either the acute or chronic phase of recovery can continue to show positive improvements in language ability and functional communication with intensive treatment.

KEYWORDS:

aphasia; intensive therapy; language rehabilitation; outcome

PMID:
24091281
DOI:
10.1310/tsr2005-388
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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