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Methods. 2014 Jan 15;65(2):254-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ymeth.2013.09.016. Epub 2013 Oct 1.

Autoimmune animal models in the analysis of the CD47-SIRPα signaling pathway.

Author information

1
Division of Molecular and Cellular Signaling, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-1 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0017, Japan.
2
Laboratory of Biosignal Sciences, Institute for Molecular and Cellular Regulation, Gunma University, 3-39-15 Showa-Machi, Maebashi, Gunma 371-8512, Japan; Department of Medicine and Clinical Science, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-39-22 Showa-Machi, Maebashi, Gunma 371-8511, Japan.
3
Laboratory of Biosignal Sciences, Institute for Molecular and Cellular Regulation, Gunma University, 3-39-15 Showa-Machi, Maebashi, Gunma 371-8512, Japan.
4
Department of Medicine and Clinical Science, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-39-22 Showa-Machi, Maebashi, Gunma 371-8511, Japan.
5
Department of Laboratory Sciences, Gunma University Graduate School of Health Sciences, 3-39-22 Showa-Machi, Maebashi, Gunma 371-8514, Japan.
6
Division of Molecular and Cellular Signaling, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-1 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0017, Japan; Laboratory of Biosignal Sciences, Institute for Molecular and Cellular Regulation, Gunma University, 3-39-15 Showa-Machi, Maebashi, Gunma 371-8512, Japan. Electronic address: matozaki@med.kobe-u.ac.jp.

Abstract

Signal regulatory protein α (SIRPα), also known as SHPS-1/SIRPA, is an immunoglobulin superfamily protein that binds to the protein tyrosine phosphatases Shp1 and Shp2 through its cytoplasmic region and is predominantly expressed in dendritic cells and macrophages. CD47, a widely expressed transmembrane protein, is a ligand for SIRPα, with the two proteins constituting a cell-cell communication system. It was previously demonstrated that the CD47-SIRPα signaling pathway is important for prevention of clearance by splenic macrophages of red blood cells or platelets from the bloodstream. In addition, this signaling pathway is also implicated in homeostatic regulation of dendritic cells and development of autoimmunity. Here we describe the detailed protocols for methods that were used in our recent studies to study the role of the CD47-SIRPα signaling pathway in autoimmunity. We also demonstrate that hematopoietic SIRPα as well as nonhematopoietic CD47 are important for development of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Thus, we here strengthen the importance of experimental animal models as well as other methods for the study of molecular pathogenesis of autoimmunity.

KEYWORDS:

2,4-dinitro-1-fluorobenzene; Autoimmunity; BM; CD47; CD47 KO; CD47-deficient; CFA; CHS; CIA; CII; CNS; DCs; DNFB; Dendritic cells; EAE; IBD; IL-10 KO; IL-10–deficient; Ig; LCs; LP; Langerhans cells; MOG; MT; PB; PBS; RA; RBCs; SIRPα; WT; bone marrow; cDCs; central nervous system; collagen-induced arthritis; complete Freund’s adjuvant; contact hypersensitivity; conventional DCs; dendritic cells; experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis; immunoglobulin; inflammatory bowel disease; lamina propria; mutant; myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein; peripheral blood; phosphate buffered saline; red blood cells; rheumatoid arthritis; signal regulatory protein α; type-II collagen; wild-type

PMID:
24091004
DOI:
10.1016/j.ymeth.2013.09.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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