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J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2013 Nov;64:124-31. doi: 10.1016/j.yjmcc.2013.09.005.

SLIT3-ROBO4 activation promotes vascular network formation in human engineered tissue and angiogenesis in vivo.

Author information

1
Section of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL.
2
Department of Pathology, Center for Cardiovascular Biology, Institute for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
3
Research Resources Center, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL.
4
Department of Pharmacology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL.
5
Section of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL.
6
Integrated Microscopy Core Facility, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL.
7
Department of Bioengineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
8
Department of Medicine/Cardiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
9
University of Illinois Cancer Center, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL.
#
Contributed equally

Abstract

Successful implantation and long-term survival of engineered tissue grafts hinges on adequate vascularization of the implant. Endothelial cells are essential for patterning vascular structures, but they require supportive mural cells such as pericytes/mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to generate stable, functional blood vessels. While there is evidence that the angiogenic effect of MSCs is mediated via the secretion of paracrine signals, the identity of these signals is unknown. By utilizing two functionally distinct human MSC clones, we found that so-called "pericytic" MSCs secrete the pro-angiogenic vascular guidance molecule SLIT3, which guides vascular development by directing ROBO4-positive endothelial cells to form networks in engineered tissue. In contrast, "non-pericytic" MSCs exhibit reduced activation of the SLIT3/ROBO4 pathway and do not support vascular networks. Using live cell imaging of organizing 3D vascular networks, we show that siRNA knockdown of SLIT3 in MSCs leads to disorganized clustering of ECs. Knockdown of its receptor ROBO4 in ECs abolishes the generation of functional human blood vessels in an in vivo xenogenic implant. These data suggest that the SLIT3/ROBO4 pathway is required for MSC-guided vascularization in engineered tissues. Heterogeneity of SLIT3 expression may underlie the variable clinical success of MSCs for tissue repair applications.

KEYWORDS:

Angiogenesis; DAPT; EC; HAEC; HUVEC; MSC; MSC27a; MSC5; Mesenchymal stem cells; N-[(3,5-Difluorophenyl)acetyl]-l-alanyl-2-phenyl]glycine-1,1-dimethyletheyl ester; Revascularization; SLIT–ROBO signaling; VEGF; Vascular tissue engineering; endothelial cell; human MSC clonal line HS-27a; human MSC clonal line HS-5; human aortic endothelial cell; human umbilical vein endothelial cell; mesenchymal stem cell or marrow stromal cell; vascular endothelial growth factor

PMID:
24090675
PMCID:
PMC3885335
DOI:
10.1016/j.yjmcc.2013.09.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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