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J Med Chem. 2013 Nov 14;56(21):8422-31. doi: 10.1021/jm4008505. Epub 2013 Oct 25.

Replacement of Thr32 and Gln34 in the C-terminal neuropeptide Y fragment 25-36 by cis-cyclobutane and cis-cyclopentane β-amino acids shifts selectivity toward the Y(4) receptor.

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Institute of Organic Chemistry, University of Regensburg , Universitätsstrasse 31, 93053 Regensburg, Germany.


Neuropeptide Y (NPY) and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) control central and peripheral processes by activating the G protein coupled receptors YxR (x = 1, 2, 4, 5). We present analogs of the C-terminal fragments 25-36 and 32-36 of NPY and PP containing (1R,2S)-cyclobutane (βCbu) or (1R,2S)-cyclopentane (βCpe) β-amino acids, which display exclusively Y4R affinity. In particular, [βCpe(34)]-NPY-(25-36) is a Y4R selective partial agonist (EC50 41 ± 6 nM, Emax 71%) that binds Y4R with a Ki of 10 ± 2 nM and a selectivity >100-fold relative to Y1R and Y2R and >50-fold relative to Y5R. Comparably, [Y(32), βCpe(34)]-NPY(PP)-(32-36) selectively binds and activates Y4R (EC50 94 ± 21 nM, Emax 73%). The NMR structure of [βCpe(34)]-NPY-(25-36) in dodecylphosphatidylcholine micelles shows a short helix at residues 27-32, while the C-terminal segment R(33)βCpe(34)R(35)Y(36) is extended. The biological properties of the βCbu- or βCpe-containing NPY and PP C-terminal fragments encourage the future application of these β-amino acids in the synthesis of selective Y4R ligands.

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