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FASEB J. 2014 Jan;28(1):350-63. doi: 10.1096/fj.13-233288. Epub 2013 Oct 2.

ErbB2 upregulates the Na+,HCO3(-)-cotransporter NBCn1/SLC4A7 in human breast cancer cells via Akt, ERK, Src, and Kruppel-like factor 4.

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1
1Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, 13, Universitetsparken, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. sfpedersen@bio.ku.dk.

Abstract

Misregulation of acid-base transport plays central roles in cancer development. We previously demonstrated the strong up-regulation of the Na(+),HCO3(-) cotransporter NBCn1 (SLC4A7) in MCF-7 breast cancer cells by a truncated, constitutively active ErbB2 (HER2) receptor, ΔNErbB2, and showed that NBCn1 expression and activity are increased in breast cancer tissue from patients. Here, we present the first in-depth characterization of an SLC4A7 promoter and identify its minimal ΔNErbB2-sensitive region. Inhibition or siRNA-mediated knockdown of PI3K, Akt1, ERK1/2, or Src decreased the NBCn1 protein level in ΔNErbB2-expressing MCF-7 cells by ~50, 60, 30 and 35%, respectively. Further, knockdown of the transcription factor Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) reduced NBCn1 protein expression by ~40%, and KLF4 overexpression increased NBCn1 expression by 50-80%. In contrast, knockdown of the closely related transcription factor specificity protein 1 (Sp1) or transfection with dominant-negative Sp1 increased NBCn1 expression by ~35 and ~50%, respectively. NBCn1 expression was also increased by stimulation of full-length ErbB1, -2, and -3 receptors in SKBr3 cells (1.5- and 2-fold by NRG1 or EGF, respectively) or after their exogenous expression in MCF-7 cells. Finally, stimulation with NRG1 or EGF more than doubled acid extrusion capacity in SKBr3 cells. In conclusion, NBCn1 is strongly upregulated by ErbB receptor signaling in a manner involving opposite effects of KLF4 and Sp1, transcription factors with central roles in cancer development. ErbB-induced up-regulation of NBCn1-mediated acid extrusion may play important physiological and pathophysiological roles in the breast epithelium and other tissues with high ErbB receptor levels.

KEYWORDS:

HER2; KLF4; MCF-7

PMID:
24088818
DOI:
10.1096/fj.13-233288
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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