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Avian Pathol. 2013 Dec;42(6):541-5. doi: 10.1080/03079457.2013.845292. Epub 2013 Oct 2.

Detection of intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes, goblet cells and secretory IgA in the intestinal mucosa during Newcastle disease virus infection.

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a Department of Laboratory Animal Science, School of Basic Medical Science , Capital Medical University , Beijing , China.


Newcastle disease, which is caused by Newcastle disease virus (NDV), is a highly contagious viral disease of poultry and other bird species. The mucosa is the first line of defence to invading pathogens, including NDV, and it has been confirmed that the mucosa can contribute to host protection. This study was conducted to evaluate the intestinal mucosal immunology in NDV infection. Forty specific-pathogen-free chickens were divided into two groups, 20 birds in each group. Group 1 was inoculated with NDV by the intravenous route. Group 2 was used as the control group and was given sterile phosphate-buffered saline by the same route. At 24, 48, 72, and 96 h post infection (h.p.i.), five chickens from each treatment were killed. Samples of the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum were collected to quantify intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL), goblet cells and secretory IgA (sIgA) by cytochemistry and immunohistochemistry analysis. The results indicated that IEL were increased from 24 to 72 h.p.i. in the infected tissues, and were significantly higher than in the control group at 48 h.p.i. (P < 0.01). In contrast to IEL, goblet cell numbers were reduced dramatically from 24 to 96 h.p.i. in the infected birds (P < 0.01) Furthermore, the content of sIgA was significantly higher at 48 and 72 h.p.i. in the infected tissues (P < 0.01). sIgA positivity was observed in the epithelial lining of the intestinal mucosa. These data suggest that IEL, goblet cells, and sIgA were involved in the intestinal mucosal immunity against NDV infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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