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Cell Differ. 1985 May;16(3):187-202.

Carbohydrate and other epitopes of the contact site A glycoprotein of Dictyostelium discoideum as characterized by monoclonal antibodies.


A series of monoclonal antibodies against a developmentally regulated protein of Dictyostelium discoideum, the contact site A glycoprotein, were used in immunoblots to label proteins of cells harvested at three stages of development: during the growth phase, at the aggregation competent stage, and at the slug stage. The antibodies fell into two groups according to their reactivity with partially or fully deglycosylated forms of the 80 kDa glycoprotein. Group A antibodies reacted not only with a 66 kDa, but also with a 53 kDa product of tunicamycin-treated wild-type cells, and they reacted with a 68 kDa component produced by HL220, a mutant that carries a specific defect in glycosylation. The 68 kDa product of the mutant was not completely unglycosylated. Like the 80 kDa glycoprotein of the wild type, which carried sulfate at carbohydrate residues, the mutant product was sulfated. In the presence of tunicamycin, the mutant produced a 53 kDa component indistinguishable from that of the wild type, which represents, most likely, the non-N-glycosylated protein portion of the contact site A glycoprotein. The group A antibodies showed almost no cross-reactivity with other proteins of the developmental stages tested, in accord with their postulated specificity for the protein moiety of the contact site A molecule. Group B antibodies did not react with the 53 kDa product of tunicamycin-treated cells, nor with the 68 kDa component of mutant HL220. These antibodies were of varying specificity. Some of them were almost as specific as group A antibodies, others cross-reacted with many proteins, particularly of the slug stage. Competition or non-competition between various group B antibodies for binding to the contact site A glycoprotein allowed sub-classification of these antibodies. According to two criteria, group B antibodies were characterized as anti-carbohydrate antibodies: (1) some of these antibodies were blocked by N-acetylglucosamine; (2) none of them reacted with the 68 kDa product or any other protein of mutant HL220. These results indicate that the 80 kDa glycoprotein carries two types of carbohydrate: type 1 carbohydrate that is sulfated and present on the 68 kDa product of mutant HL220, and type 2 carbohydrate that reacts with group B antibodies and is present on the 66 kDa product of tunicamycin-treated wild-type cells. Type 2 carbohydrate moieties are also present on many glycoproteins that are enriched in the prespore area of the slugs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS).

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