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Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med. 2013 Oct 1;3(10):a013847. doi: 10.1101/cshperspect.a013847.

Embryonic heart progenitors and cardiogenesis.

Author information

1
Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, I. Medical Department, Cardiology, 81675 Munich, Germany.

Abstract

The mammalian heart is a highly specialized organ, comprised of many different cell types arising from distinct embryonic progenitor populations during cardiogenesis. Three precursor populations have been identified to contribute to different myocytic and nonmyocytic cell lineages of the heart: cardiogenic mesoderm cells (CMC), the proepicardium (PE), and cardiac neural crest cells (CNCCs). This review will focus on molecular cues necessary for proper induction, expansion, and lineage-specific differentiation of these progenitor populations during cardiac development in vivo. Moreover, we will briefly discuss how the knowledge gained on embryonic heart progenitor biology can be used to develop novel therapeutic strategies for the management of congenital heart disease as well as for improvement of cardiac function in ischemic heart disease.

PMID:
24086063
PMCID:
PMC3784811
DOI:
10.1101/cshperspect.a013847
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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