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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2013 Nov 13;5(21):10502-9. doi: 10.1021/am4020605. Epub 2013 Oct 18.

Highly selective detection of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons using multifunctional magnetic-luminescent molecularly imprinted polymers.

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State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, School of Science, Beijing University of Chemical Technology , Beijing 100029, China.


A facile method is presented for the selective luminescence detection of trace polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) based on a combination of the specific recognition of molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) and magnetic separation (MS). Multifunctional magnetic-luminescent MIP nanocomposites were fabricated via a one-pot emulsion strategy using polystyrene-co-methacrylic acid copolymer, hydrophobic Fe3O4 nanoparticles and luminescent LaVO4:Eu(3+) nanoparticles as building blocks with a phenanthrene template. The resulting nanocomposites can be employed in a simple method for the luminescence detection of phenanthrene. Furthermore, magnetic separation of the nanocomposites from the target mixture prior to luminescence detection of phenanthrene affords significantly enhanced selectivity and sensitivity, with a 3σ limit of detection (LOD) as low as 3.64 ng/mL. Milk samples spiked with phenanthrene (5.0 μg/mL) were assayed via this method and recoveries ranging from 97.11 to 101.9% were obtained, showing that our strategy is potentially applicable for the preconcentration, recovering, and monitoring of trace PAHs in complex mixtures.

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