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Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Sep;17(5):799-805. doi: 10.4103/2230-8210.117208.

Metabolic pancreatitis: Etiopathogenesis and management.

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1
Department of Endocrinology, Medwin Hospital, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Abstract

Acute pancreatitis is a medical emergency. Alcohol and gallstones are the most common etiologies accounting for 60%-75% cases. Other important causes include postendoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography procedure, abdominal trauma, drug toxicity, various infections, autoimmune, ischemia, and hereditary causes. In about 15% of cases the cause remains unknown (idiopathic pancreatitis). Metabolic conditions giving rise to pancreatitis are less common, accounting for 5%-10% cases. The causes include hypertriglyceridemia, hypercalcemia, diabetes mellitus, porphyria, and Wilson's disease. The episodes of pancreatitis tend to be more severe. In cases of metabolic pancreatitis, over and above the standard routine management of pancreatitis, careful management of the underlying metabolic abnormalities is of paramount importance. If not treated properly, it leads to recurrent life-threatening bouts of acute pancreatitis. We hereby review the pathogenesis and management of various causes of metabolic pancreatitis.

KEYWORDS:

Hypercalcemia; hypertriglyceridemia; metabolic etiologies; pancreatitis

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