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Int J Appl Basic Med Res. 2013 Jul;3(2):122-5. doi: 10.4103/2229-516X.117090.

Acute pancreatitis in pregnancy: A treatment paradigm based on our hospital experience.

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1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a rare event in pregnancy, occurring in approximately 3 in 10 000 pregnancies. The spectrum of AP in pregnancy ranges from mild pancreatitis to serious pancreatitis associated with necrosis, abscesses, pseudocysts, and multiple organ dysfunction syndromes. As in any other disease associated with pregnancy, AP is associated with greater concerns as it deals with two lives rather than just one as in the nonpregnant population. AP is most often associated with gall stone disease or hypertriglyceridemia.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

We present 2 years of experience during which we had eight patients of AP.

RESULTS:

Of the eight patients, three underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy and five were treated conservatively. One had multiple cysts in the abdomen which were drained. All the patients delivered at term. Prophylactic tocolysis was given for 48-72 h to only those patients who had laparoscopic cholecystectomy. All the patients recovered completely. There was no maternal or fetal mortality.

CONCLUSION:

When properly managed AP in pregnancy does not carry a dismal prognosis as in the past.

KEYWORDS:

Acute pancreatitis; pregnancy; prognosis; treatment

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