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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Dec;98(12):4923-31. doi: 10.1210/jc.2013-2605. Epub 2013 Sep 30.

17β-Estradiol and estradiol fatty acyl esters and estrogen-converting enzyme expression in adipose tissue in obese men and women.

Author information

1
Folkhälsan Research Center, Biomedicum Helsinki C415, Haartmaninkatu 8, 00290 Helsinki, Finland. veera.vihma@hus.fi.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Obesity is associated with increased circulating 17β-estradiol (E₂), but less is known about E₂ concentrations in adipose tissue. In addition to E₂, adipose tissue synthesizes E₂ fatty acyl esters (E₂-FAE).

OBJECTIVE:

The aim was to compare estrogen concentrations and expression of estrogen-converting enzymes in adipose tissue between severely obese men and women.

DESIGN AND SETTING:

Tissue samples were obtained during elective surgery in University Central Hospital in the years 2008 through 2011.

PATIENTS:

We studied 14 men and 22 premenopausal women undergoing bariatric surgery and 10 control women operated for nonmalignant reasons.

INTERVENTIONS:

Paired samples were taken from abdominal sc and visceral adipose tissue and serum and analyzed for E₂ and E₂-FAE by fluoroimmunoassay and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. mRNA expression of genes was analyzed by quantitative PCR.

RESULTS:

Compared with men, E₂ levels in sc adipose tissue in obese women were higher, along with higher relative mRNA expression of steroid sulfatase and 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases 1, 7, and 12. In men, E₂-FAE concentrations in adipose tissue were similar to E₂ but in women significantly lower compared with E₂. Adipose tissue E₂-FAE and serum E₂-FAE levels correlated positively in obese subjects. Serum E₂ did not significantly correlate with E₂ concentration or mRNA expression of genes in adipose tissue in obese men or women.

CONCLUSIONS:

The production of E₂ by the large adipose mass was not reflected by increased circulating E₂ concentrations in severely obese men or women. However, adipose tissue may contribute to concentrations of serum E₂-FAE.

PMID:
24081738
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2013-2605
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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