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Clin Infect Dis. 2013 Dec;57(11):1618-25. doi: 10.1093/cid/cit550. Epub 2013 Sep 30.

Evaluation of hepatitis C virus as a risk factor for HIV-associated neuroretinal disorder.

Author information

1
Division of Liver Diseases, Department of Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Both hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) penetrate the central nervous system. HIV-associated neuroretinal disorder (HIV-NRD), a visual impairment of reduced contrast sensitivity and reading ability, is associated with cytokine dysregulation and genetic polymorphisms in the anti-inflammatory interleukin 10 (IL-10) signaling pathway. We investigated associations between HCV and HIV-NRD and between HCV and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IL-10 receptor 1 (IL10R1) gene.

METHODS:

Logistic and Cox regression analysis were used to analyze risk factors for HIV-NRD in 1576 HIV-positive patients who did not have an ocular opportunistic infection at enrollment. Median follow-up was 4.9 years (interquartile range, 2.4-8.8 years). Four IL10R1 SNPs were examined in a subset of 902 patients.

RESULTS:

The group included 290 patients with chronic HCV infection, 74 with prior infection, and 1212 with no HCV markers. There were 244 prevalent cases of HIV-NRD and 263 incident cases (rate = 3.9/100 person-years). In models adjusted for demographics, HIV treatment and status, liver function, and immune status, both the prevalence and incidence of HIV-NRD were significantly higher in patients with chronic HCV infection (odds ratio = 1.54; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03-2.31 and hazard ratio = 1.62; 95% CI, 1.13-2.34, respectively), compared to patients with no HCV markers. Chronic HCV was associated with rs2228055 and 2 additional IL-10R1 SNPs expected to reduce IL-10 signaling. HIV-NRD was not significantly associated with these SNPs.

CONCLUSIONS:

HCV is a possible risk factor for HIV-NRD. Genetic analysis suggests that alterations in the IL-10 signaling pathway may increase susceptibility to HIV-NRD and HCV infection. Inflammation may link HCV and HIV-NRD.

KEYWORDS:

AIDS; HIV-1; HIV-associated neuroretinal disorder; cytomegalovirus retinitis; hepatitis C virus

PMID:
24081683
PMCID:
PMC3814824
DOI:
10.1093/cid/cit550
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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