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Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2013;53(10):645-54. Epub 2013 Sep 27.

An R132H mutation in isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 enhances p21 expression and inhibits phosphorylation of retinoblastoma protein in glioma cells.

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Department of Neurosurgery, Center for Molecular Medicine, Jichi Medical University.


Cytosolic isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) with an R132H mutation in brain tumors loses its enzymatic activity for catalyzing isocitrate to α-ketoglutarate (α-KG) and acquires new activity whereby it converts α-KG to 2-hydroxyglutarate. The IDH1 mutation induces down-regulation of tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediates and up-regulation of lipid metabolism. Sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs) regulate not only the synthesis of cholesterol and fatty acids but also acyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21 that halts the cell cycle at G1. Here we show that SREBPs were up-regulated in U87 human glioblastoma cells transfected with an IDH1(R132H)-expression plasmid. Small interfering ribonucleic acid (siRNA) for SREBP1 specifically decreased p21 messenger RNA (mRNA) levels independent of the p53 pathway. In IDH1(R132H)-expressing U87 cells, phosphorylation of Retinoblastoma (Rb) protein also decreased. We propose that metabolic changes induced by the IDH1 mutation enhance p21 expression via SREBP1 and inhibit phosphorylation of Rb, which slows progression of the cell cycle and may be associated with non-aggressive features of gliomas with an IDH1 mutation.

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