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Sci Rep. 2013 Sep 30;3:2809. doi: 10.1038/srep02809.

Interaction between the transcriptional corepressor Sin3B and voltage-gated sodium channels modulates functional channel expression.

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Carrera de Médico Cirujano. UBIMED. FES Iztacala, UNAM. Los Reyes Iztacala. Edo, Mex. 54090 México.


Proteins that interact with voltage-gated sodium (Na(v)) channels are important in channel sorting and modulation. In this study, we identified the transcriptional regulator, Sin3B, as a novel binding partner of Na(v) channels in a yeast two-hybrid screen and confirmed the interaction using pull-down assays, co-immunoprecipitation, and immunofluorescence-colocalization. Because both long (~1100-residue) and short (N-terminal 293 residues) Sin3B variants interacted with Na(v) channels, binding occurred within the N-terminal region containing two paired-amphipathic helix domains. In Na(v) channels, Sin3B bound to a 132-residue portion of the cytoplasmic C-terminus. Expression of the short Sin3B variant strongly reduced native sodium current and Na(v)-channel gating charge in the neuronal cell line N1E-115, without affecting the voltage-dependence of activation. Because the total amount of channel protein was unchanged by Sin3B, binding of Sin3B likely decreases the number of channels in the plasma membrane, suggesting that interaction with Sin3B influences Na(v)-channel trafficking or stability in the membrane.

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