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Epidemiology. 2013 Nov;24(6):863-70. doi: 10.1097/EDE.0b013e3182a712f1.

Air pollution from incinerators and reproductive outcomes: a multisite study.

Author information

1
From the aEpidemiology Unit, Local Health Authority, Reggio Emilia, Italy; bRegional Reference Centre on Environment and Health, ARPA Emilia-Romagna, Modena, Italy; cPublic Health Service, Emilia-Romagna Region, Italy; and dDepartment of Epidemiology, Lazio Region, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The few studies that have investigated the relationship between emissions from municipal solid-waste incinerators and adverse pregnancy outcomes have had conflicting results. We conducted a study to assess the effects of air emissions from the eight incinerators currently in operation in the Emilia-Romagna Region of Italy on reproductive outcomes (sex ratio, multiple births, preterm births, and small for gestational age [SGA] births).

METHODS:

We considered all births (n = 21,517) to women residing within a 4-km radius of an incinerator at the time of delivery during the period 2003-2010 who were successfully linked to the Delivery Certificate database. This source also provided information on maternal characteristics and deliveries. Each newborn was georeferenced and characterized by a specific level of exposure to incinerator emissions, categorized in quintiles of PM10, and other sources of pollution (NOx quartiles), evaluated by means of ADMS-Urban system dispersion models. We ran logistic regression models for each outcome, adjusting for exposure to other pollution sources and maternal covariates.

RESULTS:

Incinerator pollution was not associated with sex ratio, multiple births, or frequency of SGA. Preterm delivery increased with increasing exposure (test for trend, P < 0.001); for the highest versus the lowest quintile exposure, the odds ratio was 1.30 (95% confidence interval = 1.08-1.57). A similar trend was observed for very preterm babies. Several sensitivity analyses did not alter these results.

CONCLUSIONS:

Maternal exposure to incinerator emissions, even at very low levels, was associated with preterm delivery.

PMID:
24076993
DOI:
10.1097/EDE.0b013e3182a712f1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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