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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Jan 7-14;63(1):71-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2013.04.105. Epub 2013 Sep 26.

Early high-dose rosuvastatin for contrast-induced nephropathy prevention in acute coronary syndrome: Results from the PRATO-ACS Study (Protective Effect of Rosuvastatin and Antiplatelet Therapy On contrast-induced acute kidney injury and myocardial damage in patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome).

Author information

1
Cardiology Division, Prato Hospital, Prato, Italy.
2
Cardiology Division, Prato Hospital, Prato, Italy. Electronic address: anna.toso@libero.it.
3
Section of Biostatistics and Clinical Epidemiology, Department of Public Health, Neurosciences, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, Pavia University, Pavia, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study sought to determine if in addition to standard preventive measures on-admission, high-dose rosuvastatin exerts a protective effect against contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI).

BACKGROUND:

Patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are at high risk for CI-AKI, and the role of statin pre-treatment in preventing renal damage remains uncertain.

METHODS:

Consecutive statin-naïve non-ST elevation ACS patients scheduled to undergo early invasive strategy were randomly assigned to receive rosuvastatin (40 mg on admission, followed by 20 mg/day; statin group n = 252) or no statin treatment (control group n = 252). CI-AKI was defined as an increase in creatinine concentration of ≥0.5 mg/dl or ≥25% above baseline within 72 h after contrast administration.

RESULTS:

The incidence of CI-AKI was significantly lower in the statin group than in controls (6.7% vs. 15.1%; adjusted odds ratio: 0.38; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.20 to 0.71; p = 0.003). The benefits against CI-AKI were consistent, even applying different CI-AKI definition criteria and in all the pre-specified risk categories. The 30-day incidence of adverse cardiovascular and renal events (death, dialysis, myocardial infarction, stroke, or persistent renal damage) was significantly lower in the statin group (3.6% vs. 7.9%, respectively; p = 0.036). Moreover, statin treatment given on admission was associated with a lower rate of death or nonfatal myocardial infarction at 6 month follow-up (3.6% vs. 7.2%, respectively; p = 0.07).

CONCLUSIONS:

High-dose rosuvastatin given on admission to statin-naïve patients with ACS who are scheduled for an early invasive procedure can prevent CI-AKI and improve short-term clinical outcome. (Statin Contrast Induced Nephropathy Prevention [PRATO-ACS]; NCT01185938).

KEYWORDS:

3-hydroxyl-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A; ACS; CI-AKI; HMG-CoA; LVEF; N-acetylcysteine; NAC; NSTE; PCI; acute coronary syndrome(s); contrast-induced acute kidney injury; contrast-induced nephropathy; eCrCl; eGFR; estimated creatinine clearance; estimated glomerular filtration rate; left ventricular ejection fraction; percutaneous coronary intervention; statins; without ST-segment elevation

PMID:
24076283
DOI:
10.1016/j.jacc.2013.04.105
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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