Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2013 Dec;146(6):1399-406; discussion 13406-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2013.07.065. Epub 2013 Sep 24.

Impact of varying degrees of renal dysfunction on transcatheter and surgical aortic valve replacement.

Author information

1
Cardiothoracic Surgery Clinical Research Unit, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Structural Heart and Valve Center, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Ga.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Renal impairment portends adverse outcomes in patients undergoing valvular heart surgery. The relationship between renal dysfunction in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is incompletely understood.

METHODS:

A retrospective review of 1336 patients undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR; 2002-2012) and 321 patients undergoing TAVR (2007-2012) was performed. Patients were divided into 3 glomerular filtration rate (GFR) groups: GFR greater than 60 mL/min, GFR 31 to 60 mL/min, and GFR 30 mL/min or less. Logistic and linear regression analysis was performed to estimate the TAVR effect on outcomes. Risk adjustments were made using the Society for Thoracic Surgeons (STS) predicted risk of mortality (PROM).

RESULTS:

TAVR patients were older (82 vs 65 years; P < .001), had a poorer ejection fraction (48% vs 53%; P < .001), were more likely female (45% vs 41%; P = .23), and had a higher STS PROM (11.9% vs 4.6%; P < .001). In-hospital mortality rates for TAVR and SAVR were 3.5% and 4.1%, respectively (P = .60), a result that marginally favors TAVR after risk adjustment (adjusted odds ratio = .52, P = .06). In SAVR patients, worsening preoperative renal failure was associated with increased in-hospital mortality (P = .004) and hospital (P < .001) and intensive care unit (ICU) (P < .001) lengths of stay. In contrast, worsening renal function did not influence in-hospital mortality (P = .78) and hospital (P < .23) and ICU (P = .88) lengths of stay in TAVR patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

Worsening renal function was associated with increased in-hospital mortality, hospital length of stay, and ICU length of stay in SAVR patients, but not in TAVR patients. This unexpected finding may have important clinical implications in patients with aortic stenosis and preoperative renal dysfunction.

KEYWORDS:

28; 28.1; 35; 35.2; AKI; EF; ESRD; GFR; ICU; OR; PARTNER; PROM; Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valve; RD; SAVR; STS; Society for Thoracic Surgeons; TAVR; acute kidney injury; ejection fraction; end-stage renal disease; glomerular filtration rate; intensive care unit; odds ratio; predicted risk of mortality; renal dysfunction; surgical aortic valve replacement; transcatheter aortic valve replacement

PMID:
24075566
DOI:
10.1016/j.jtcvs.2013.07.065
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center