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Urology. 2013 Oct;82(4):857-60. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2013.06.040.

Long-term clinical outcome of inverted urothelial papilloma including cases with focal papillary pattern: is continuous surveillance necessary?

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Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Calgary and Calgary Laboratory Services, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.



To investigate the necessity for continuous cystoscopic surveillance of inverted papilloma (IP), including tumors exhibiting mixed morphology (IP with focal papillary architecture).


We retrieved all cases of de novo ("primary") IP, diagnosed in our institution during 10 years (from January 2000 to December 2009), from the information database. Patients with a history of urothelial carcinoma or concurrent urothelial carcinoma were excluded. Surveillance was performed by routine cystoscopy, and follow-up was obtained from our institutional and regional clinical and pathology databases.


We identified 35 patients with IP, including 3 with focal papillary architecture. Mean patient age was 60 years (range, 26-88) with male-to-female ratio of 1.9:1. Most common tumor location was urinary bladder (86%), followed by urethra (14%). Focal papillary architecture was identified in 3 patients (aged 51, 52, and 78 years). Mean follow-up was 66 months (median 68; range, 11-132). Only 1 male patient (age 81) had a subsequent diagnosis of IP on follow-up cystoscopy at 9 months; no recurrence or progression was documented in the other patients diagnosed with IP.


The absence of progression of IP on long-term follow-up in this study strongly argues against the need of continuous surveillance for patients in whom (1) strict diagnostic criteria are followed, (2) a complete resection can be ascertained, and (3) no previous or concurrent urothelial malignancies are documented. In this study, the 3 patients with IP showing focal papillary architecture had a benign course, similar to the previously documented cases.

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