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Cell. 2013 Sep 26;155(1):39-55. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2013.09.011.

Mapping human epigenomes.

Author information

1
Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, Institute of Genomic Medicine, UCSD Moores Cancer Center, University of California School of Medicine, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0653, USA; The Biomedical Sciences Graduate Program, Institute of Genomic Medicine, UCSD Moores Cancer Center, University of California School of Medicine, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0653, USA.

Abstract

As the second dimension to the genome, the epigenome contains key information specific to every type of cells. Thousands of human epigenome maps have been produced in recent years thanks to rapid development of high throughput epigenome mapping technologies. In this review, we discuss the current epigenome mapping toolkit and utilities of epigenome maps. We focus particularly on mapping of DNA methylation, chromatin modification state, and chromatin structures, and emphasize the use of epigenome maps to delineate human gene regulatory sequences and developmental programs. We also provide a perspective on the progress of the epigenomics field and challenges ahead.

PMID:
24074860
PMCID:
PMC3838898
DOI:
10.1016/j.cell.2013.09.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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