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Nano Lett. 2013;13(11):5350-4. doi: 10.1021/nl4028507. Epub 2013 Oct 1.

Photoelectrochemical detection of glutathione by IrO2-hemin-TiO2 nanowire arrays.

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Laboratory of Advanced Materials, Department of Chemistry, Fudan University , Shanghai, 200433, People's Republic of China.


We have developed sensitive detection of glutathione using the IrO2-hemin-TiO2 nanowire arrays. Single-crystalline TiO2 nanowires are synthesized by a hydrothermal reaction, followed by surface functionalization of ~3 nm thick hemin and ~1-2 nm diameter IrO2 nanoparticles. The IrO2-hemin-TiO2 nanowire arrays offer much enhanced photocurrent with ∼100% increase compared to the pristine TiO2 nanowires and allow for label-free, real-time, sensitive photoelectrochemical detection of glutathione. The sensitivity achieved is ~10 nM in buffer, comparable to or better than most of the existing glutathione detection methods. Furthermore, cell extracts containing glutathione are robustly detected, with ~8000 cells/mL for HeLa cells and ~5000 cells/mL for human embryonic kidney 293T cells. This nanowire PEC sensor assay exhibits excellent selectivity and stability, suggesting a potential detection platform for analyzing the glutathione level in biosamples.

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