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Biomed Res Int. 2013;2013:295890. doi: 10.1155/2013/295890. Epub 2013 Sep 1.

The effect of silver nitrate pleurodesis after a failed thoracoscopic talc poudrage.

Author information

1
Division of Thoracic Surgery, "G. Mazzini" Hospital of Teramo, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of L'Aquila, Piazza Italia 1, 64100 Teramo, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Chemical pleurodesis is the procedure of choice in the management of recurrent malignant pleural effusions (MPE). Talc is probably the most effective sclerosant, with a success rate of 80%. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the effectiveness of silver nitrate solution (SNS) pleurodesis after an unsuccessful thoracoscopic talc poudrage.

METHODS:

Between 2011 and 2013 one hundred and nine patients with unilateral MPE underwent thoracoscopic talc poudrage. Seventeen patients who did not obtain a successful pleurodesis via thoracoscopic procedure were considered for an SNS slurry. The pleural injectate consisted of 100 mL 1% SNS with 10 mL of lidocaine (100 mg/5 mL). The SNS procedure was undertaken once and repeated with the same dose in 5 patients.

RESULTS:

The duration of follow-up period was 30 days. Subjective pain was low and the same before and after SNS procedure (P value = NS). The mean daily fluid drainage was statistically different (P = 0.001) comparing values before (597.0 ± 122.8 mL) and after SNS procedure (109.1 ± 22.3 mL). After 30 days from SNS procedure recurrence of pleural effusion was observed in 2 patients (11%).

CONCLUSIONS:

The present study demonstrates that SNS is an effective agent for producing pleurodesis after a failed thoracoscopic talc poudrage.

PMID:
24073398
PMCID:
PMC3774036
DOI:
10.1155/2013/295890
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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