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PLoS One. 2013 Sep 20;8(9):e75884. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0075884. eCollection 2013.

Downregulation of DAB2IP promotes mesenchymal-to-neuroepithelial transition and neuronal differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells.

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1
Graduate Institute of Basic Medical Science, and Graduate Institute of Molecular Systems Biomedicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.

Abstract

The DOC-2/DAB2 interactive protein (DAB2IP) is a new member of the Ras GTPase-activating protein family. Recent studies have shown that, in addition to its tumor suppressive role in various tumors, DAB2IP also plays an important role in regulating neuronal migration and positioning during brain development. In this study, we determined the roles of DAB2IP in the neuronal differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). We found that lentiviral short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated knockdown of DAB2IP promoted the mesenchymal-to-neuroepithelial stem cell transition (MtNeST) and neuronal differentiation, which were accompanied by a reduction of cell proliferation but not apoptosis or cellular senescence. This suggests that DAB2IP plays an important role in the neuronal induction of hMSCs. Moreover, our finding that reduction of glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK3β) activity upon LiCl pretreatment inhibited both the MtNeST and production of MAP2-positive cells upon DAB2IP knockdown suggests that this transition is most likely mediated by regulation of the GSK3β signaling pathway. Our study demonstrates that DAB2IP participates in the first step of neuron induction of hMSCs, which implies a potentially important role for DAB2IP in the MtNeST during neurogenesis.

PMID:
24073285
PMCID:
PMC3779184
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0075884
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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