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Transl Behav Med. 2012 Sep;2(3):355-63. doi: 10.1007/s13142-012-0142-7.

Behavioral health in the Department of Defense Patient-Centered Medical Home: history, finance, policy, work force development, and evaluation.

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1
TRICARE Management Activity, Office of the Chief Medical Officer, Behavioral Medicine Division, Falls Church, VA USA.

Abstract

Integrating behavioral health services into the patient-centered medical home (PCMH) is an important component for meeting the goals of easy access, whole person, coordinated, and integrated care. Unlike most PCMH initiatives, the Department of Defense's (DoD) Military Health System (MHS) launched its PCMH initiative with integrated behavioral health services. This integration facilitates the MHS's goal to meet its strategic imperatives under the "Quadruple Aim" of (1) maximizing readiness, (2) improving the health of the population, (3) enhancing the patient experience of care (including quality, access, and reliability), and (4) responsibly managing per capita cost of care. The MHS experience serves as a guide to other organizations. We discuss the historical underpinnings, funding, policy, and work force development strategies that contributed to integrated behavioral healthcare being a mandated component of the MHS's PCMH.

KEYWORDS:

Behavioral health; Collaborative care; Integerated care; Integrated-collaborative; Mental health; Patient- centered medical home; Primary care

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