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Indian J Pediatr. 2014 Apr;81(4):328-32. doi: 10.1007/s12098-013-1229-y. Epub 2013 Sep 27.

Kawasaki disease and the emerging coronary artery disease epidemic in India: is there a correlation?

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Pediatric Allergy Immunology Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Advanced Pediatrics Centre, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, 160012, India,


Although Kawasaki disease (KD) is now being increasingly reported from India, the vast majority of children with KD are still not being diagnosed and treated. A recent study from Chandigarh has shown that the incidence of KD is at least 4.54/100,000 children below 15 y of age. Extrapolations of this figure suggest that a minimum of 17,417 new cases of KD would be occurring every year in our country. A significant proportion of these children may develop coronary artery abnormalities. These children would then be at risk of developing myocardial ischemia as young adults. It is authors' contention that (undiagnosed) KD in childhood may be contributing to the growing pool of coronary artery disease (CAD) in India. Similarly, a missed diagnosis of KD in childhood should be considered as a possibility while evaluating adults with CAD, especially when there are no overt risk factors and no family history of the disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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