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Eur J Biochem. 1975 Sep 15;57(2):453-9.

The kinetics of the exchange of G-actin-bound 1: N6-ethenoadenosine 5'-triphosphate with ATP as followed by fluorescence.


1: N6-Ethenoadenosine 5'-triphosphate (epsilonATP), a fluorescent analog of ATP, binds to monomeric actin with a binding constant which is only about 5 times smaller than that of ATP. The spectroscopic changes which occur when epsilonATP binds to actin are studied and used to monitor the kinetics of nucleotide exchange. The first-order rate constant which is measured at a large excess of ATP over epsilonATP strongly depends on the ATP and Ca+ concentrations. This finding is explained by a mechanism in which the nucleotide dissociates much more easily from Ca2+-free than from Ca2+-bound actin. Of special interest is the temperature dependence of the dissociation rate constant. The Arrhenius plot shows a sharp bend near 24 degrees C.

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