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Drugs Aging. 2013 Nov;30(11):877-86. doi: 10.1007/s40266-013-0117-5.

Bone-targeted therapies for elderly patients with renal cell carcinoma: current and future directions.

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Department of Urology, University Hospitals Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000, Leuven, Belgium,

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  • Drugs Aging. 2014 Jan;31(1):79.


Bone metastases are very common in advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and can have a huge impact on quality of life by leading to skeletal-related events (SREs), including pain, pathologic fractures and spinal cord compression with need for surgery or radiotherapy. Because of their osteolytic aspect and biologic behaviour, these SREs are more common in patients with bone metastases from RCC than from other malignancies. As overall survival is increased by new anti-angiogenic drugs like tyrosine kinase inhibitors and mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors, the incidence of SREs is rising, making the clinical management of bone metastases in RCC ever more important, especially in the more vulnerable elderly patient. In this review we discuss the current advances and future directions in bone-targeted therapies in patients with RCC with a special focus on the elderly population. Recently, two bone-targeted agents have been approved in the prevention of SREs in advanced RCC: zoledronic acid and denosumab. To date, there is no specific data on the use of bisphosphonates or denosumab in the elderly and specific studies in this setting are warranted. We compare the available evidence for the use and implications of both agents in the elderly patient and give general information on safety concerns that could be more important in these patients.

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