Send to

Choose Destination
J Korean Acad Nurs. 2013 Aug;43(4):536-46. doi: 10.4040/jkan.2013.43.4.536.

[A meta-analysis of the effect of walking exercise on lower limb muscle endurance, whole body endurance and upper body flexibility in elders].

[Article in Korean]

Author information

Nursing Informatics and Statistics Laboratory, College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.



The purpose of this study was to determine whether walking exercise improved physical function in elderly people using meta-analysis.


Medical and nursing literature databases were searched to identify the studies on the effectiveness of walking exercise on physical function. In the databases, there were 16 articles reporting 21 interventions. Overall effect sizes for three outcome variables, elders' physical function in lower limb muscle endurance, whole body endurance and upper body flexibility, were calculated. Effects of study characteristics on outcome variables were analyzed.


The meta-analysis showed that walking exercise generally had positive effects on CST (chair stand test), 6MW (6 min walking), and SRT (standing or sitting reach test) with overall weighted effect sizes of 1.06, 0.41 and 0.29 respectively. This study also showed that the chronic disease status of the elders, intervention methods, and type of residence had different effects on CST, 6MW and SRT.


The results indicate that walking exercise improves physical function in elders. Walking exercise which can be done at any time and any location is indeed a very effective exercise for elderly people.


Aged; Exercise; Meta-analysis; Walking

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Korean Society of Nursing Science
Loading ...
Support Center