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Burns. 2014 May;40(3):495-9. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2013.08.009. Epub 2013 Sep 23.

Bed net related burns at Mulago national referral hospital, Uganda: a case series report.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Mulago National Referral Hospital, Kampala, Uganda. Electronic address: kalanziw15@gmail.com.
2
School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
3
Office of Pediatric Surgical Evaluation and Innovation, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
4
Department of Surgery, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Insecticide-treated bed nets are essential tools to prevent malaria in endemic regions, however, increasing trends in bed net related burns in Kampala, Uganda are concerning.

METHODS:

Data were collected from burns unit admission records at Mulago National Referral Hospital in Kampala, Uganda for the years 2008-2011 inclusive. Retrospective analyses on the characteristics of patients admitted with bed net related burns within this period were conducted.

RESULTS:

A total of 45 patients were admitted to the burns unit with bed net related burns during the study period. Most burns occurred among individuals who were 0-1 years old (33.3%) and 26-35 years old (24.2%) and the majority were male (71%). Bed net related burns at Mulago Hospital are severe, as evidenced by the fact that 15 of 45 patients died (crude mortality rate=33%) and that 26 patients (57.8%) had total body surface area burn percentages that were greater than 20%. The average length of stay in hospital for patients with bed net related burns was 30.4 days.

CONCLUSION:

Organizations responsible for malaria prevention should consider incorporating fire and burn prevention awareness, strategies and training into their bed net distribution programs.

KEYWORDS:

Bed net related burns; Epidemiology; Prevention; Uganda

PMID:
24070850
DOI:
10.1016/j.burns.2013.08.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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