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BMC Res Notes. 2013 Sep 26;6:382. doi: 10.1186/1756-0500-6-382.

Resting metabolic rate in obese diabetic and obese non-diabetic subjects and its relation to glycaemic control.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Al-Neelain, Khartoum, Sudan. azzaosman2@hotmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Both obesity and type II diabetes mellitus are associated with insulin resistance and abnormal metabolic reactions. This study was conducted to evaluate resting metabolic rate in obese diabetic patients and to assess its relation to glycaemic control.

RESULTS:

This is a case control study conducted in Gabir AbuEliz centre in Khartoum, Sudan. A random sample of 40 obese diabetic patients (cases) and 40 obese non-diabetic subjects (controls) were interviewed and examined clinically to exclude presence of acute or chronic medical illness. Haemoglobin A1c was measured for each participant using the "NycoCard Haemoglobin A1c test" (Axis -Shield/ Norway). Fasting blood sugar was measured using one touch(R) glucometer (LifeScan Canada Ltd). The PowerLab 8/35 with a gas analyzer (AD Instruments, Castle Hill Australia) was used for measurement of VO2, VCO2 and Respiratory exchange ratio (RER). Resting metabolic rate was calculated using the Weir equation. VO2 (mean+/-SD) ml/min was significantly higher among cases (209.9+/-42.7) compared to the controls (192.4+/-28.1), (P = 0.034). Similarly, VCO2 (mean+/-SD) ml/min was higher among cases (191.4+/-35.0) than controls (178.3+/-22.5), (P = 0.05). Resting metabolic rate "RMR" (mean+/-SD) kcal/day was higher in obese diabetic patients (1480.7 +/- 274.2) than obese non-diabetic subjects (1362.4+/- 184.8), (P = 0.027). Participants with high glycated haemoglobin had higher RMR than those with normal glycated haemoglobin (P = 0.016).

CONCLUSION:

It is concluded that resting metabolic rate is significantly higher in obese diabetic patients compared to obese non-diabetics, especially in those with poor glycaemic control.

PMID:
24070224
PMCID:
PMC3850714
DOI:
10.1186/1756-0500-6-382
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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