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Mol Biol Cell. 2013 Dec;24(23):3710-20. doi: 10.1091/mbc.E13-07-0388. Epub 2013 Sep 25.

αE-catenin actin-binding domain alters actin filament conformation and regulates binding of nucleation and disassembly factors.

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1
Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA 94158 Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 Department of Cell Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15261 Bioinformatics and Systems Biology Program, Sanford Burnham Medical Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037 Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305.

Abstract

The actin-binding protein αE-catenin may contribute to transitions between cell migration and cell-cell adhesion that depend on remodeling the actin cytoskeleton, but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. We show that the αE-catenin actin-binding domain (ABD) binds cooperatively to individual actin filaments and that binding is accompanied by a conformational change in the actin protomer that affects filament structure. αE-catenin ABD binding limits barbed-end growth, especially in actin filament bundles. αE-catenin ABD inhibits actin filament branching by the Arp2/3 complex and severing by cofilin, both of which contact regions of the actin protomer that are structurally altered by αE-catenin ABD binding. In epithelial cells, there is little correlation between the distribution of αE-catenin and the Arp2/3 complex at developing cell-cell contacts. Our results indicate that αE-catenin binding to filamentous actin favors assembly of unbranched filament bundles that are protected from severing over more dynamic, branched filament arrays.

PMID:
24068324
PMCID:
PMC3842997
DOI:
10.1091/mbc.E13-07-0388
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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