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Infect Genet Evol. 2013 Dec;20:284-91. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2013.09.017. Epub 2013 Sep 21.

Novel human astrovirus strains showing multiple recombinations within highly conserved ORF1b detected from hospitalized acute watery diarrhea cases in Kolkata, India.

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Division of Virology, National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases (NICED), P-33, C.I.T. Road, Scheme-XM, Beliaghata, Kolkata 700 010, West Bengal, India.


Human astroviruses (HAstVs) associated with acute watery diarrhea among hospitalized infants, children and adults as sole or mixed infection, were earlier reported from Kolkata, India. Further, novel recombinations have been detected through sequencing of the highly conserved ORF1b (RdRp) region of seven human astrovirus strains in Kolkata, India. Primers were designed and the ORF1b region was amplified by RT-PCR and sequenced. To examine the evolutionary pressures influencing the evolution of human astroviruses we implemented evolutionary genetics analysis. Maximum recombination break points detected in Kolkata strain IDH1300 were 8 and a single break point location was detected at 1205nt position. Partition-wise phylogenetic analyses of the IDH1300 Kolkata strain did not show close homology to the reference strains. Further phylogenetic analyses of full length ORF1b region of the seven human astrovirus strains showed that they formed a close cluster with each other and displayed a separate lineage in comparison to reference human astrovirus strains worldwide. This study shows the emergence of novel recombinant human astrovirus strains in Kolkata, India, warranting stringent surveillance to monitor the genetic diversity of human astrovirus strains infecting different age groups.


Astrovirus; Children; Gastroenteritis; Phylogenetic relationship; Recombination; Sequence analysis

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