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Dalton Trans. 2013 Dec 14;42(46):16311-7. doi: 10.1039/c3dt51958a.

A multiphase strategy for realizing green cathodoluminescence in 12CaO·7Al2O3-CaCeAl3O7:Ce3+,Tb3+ conductive phosphor.

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Center for Advanced Optoelectronic Functional Materials Research & Key Laboratory for UV Light-Emitting Materials and Technology of the Ministry of Education, Northeast Normal University, 5268 Renmin Street, Changchun 130024, China.


A multiphase strategy is proposed and successfully applied to make the insulating green phosphor CaCeAl3O7:Tb(3+) conductive in the form of 12CaO·7Al2O3-CaCeAl3O7:Ce(3+),Tb(3+). The phosphor shows bright green-light emission with a short lifetime (2.51 ms) under low-voltage electron beam excitation (3 kV). The green photo- and cathodoluminescence from (5)D4-(7)F(J) (J = 6, 5, 4, 3) transitions of Tb(3+) are significantly enhanced in comparison with pure C12A7:Tb(3+). It was confirmed that this enhancement is the consequence of the joint effects of energy transfer from Ce(3+) to Tb(3+) and broadening of the absorption spectrum of Ce(3+) due to the existence of multiple phases. In particular, under 800 V electron beam excitation, cathodoluminescence is improved by the modified electrical conductivity of the phosphor. When compared to the commercial Zn2SiO4:Mn(2+) with a long luminescence lifetime of 11.9 ms, this conductive green phosphor has greater advantage for fast displays.

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