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Eur J Biochem. 1990 Feb 14;187(3):467-73.

Transforming growth factors and the regulation of cell proliferation.

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Department of Cell Biology, Vanderbilt School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232.


The number of different growth regulatory molecules which have been isolated and characterized is continuing to increase. As more information is obtained, it has become apparent that the cooperative actions of many factors with distinct activities is necessary for appropriate proliferative responses. An interplay of both growth stimulatory and growth inhibitory factors is essential for normal growth. Of crucial importance, therefore, is the appropriate regulation of growth factors. Unregulated expression, synthesis, posttranslational processing or activation of either positive or negative growth signals may contribute to neoplastic transformation (Fig. 3). Altered responses to normally positive or negative signals by transformed cells have been demonstrated by several investigators [64, 79, 84]. While altered growth factor responses in transformed cells are well documented, the mechanisms responsible for the loss of growth control are poorly understood and are likely to be both complex and numerous. Continued efforts to dissect and comprehend fully growth factor action on normal cells will be necessary before an understanding of neoplastic transformation can be achieved.

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