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Riv Psichiatr. 2013 Jul-Aug;48(4):345-53. doi: 10.1708/1319.14632.

[Shy bladder syndrome].

[Article in Italian]


Paruresis is the inability to urinate in situations where there is perception of scrutiny, or potential scrutiny, by others. According to DSM-5, paruresis is classified as social phobia.


The present study aims at offering a clinical description of the disorder in a sample of paruretics voluntarily recruited among users registered on an Italian website dedicated to people suffering from this disorder (


Data were collected through a set of questionnaires published online, including assessment and screening measures for paruresis (Paruresis Checklist), generalized social phobia (Mini-SPIN) and depression (Beck Depression Inventory).


65 participants showed clinically relevant symptoms of paruresis, as suggested by a PCL score above the threshold. Mean age was 28 ys (SD= ± 7.75 ys); most of participants were male (87.7%; N=57). Although gender differences in the clinical manifestations of the disorder appear limited, the variable mostly connected to the severity of paruresis is the presence of a further diagnosis of generalized social phobia.


Paruresis is a clinical condition associated with high level of distress on which, however, there is limited knowledge among mental health professionals.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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