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J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2013 Nov;68(6):956-62. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbt089. Epub 2013 Sep 21.

Association between childhood school segregation and changes in adult sense of control in the African American health cohort.

Author information

1
Correspondence should be addressed to Fredric D. Wolinsky, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, IA 52241. E-mail: fredric-wolinsky@uiowa.edu.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Cross-sectional associations between childhood school segregation and adult sense of control and physical performance have been established in the African American Health (AAH) cohort. Here we extend that work by estimating the association between childhood school segregation and 2-year changes in adult sense of control. Method. Complete data on 541 older AAH men and women were used to estimate the association between childhood school segregation and changes in the sense of control. Exposure to segregation was self-reported in 2004, and the sense of control was measured in 2008 and 2010 using Blom rank transformations of Mirowsky and Ross' 8-item scale. Declining subjective income and experiencing major life stressors between 2008 and 2010, as well as traditional covariates (demographic factors, socioeconomic status, self-rated health, racial attitudes and beliefs, and religiosity) were included for statistical adjustment. Multiple linear regression analysis with propensity score reweighting was used.

RESULTS:

Receiving the majority of one's primary and secondary education in segregated schools had a significant net positive association (d = 0.179; p = .029) with 2-year changes in adult sense of control.

CONCLUSION:

AAH participants receiving the majority of their primary and secondary educations in segregated schools appeared to have been protected, in part, from age-related declines in the sense of control.

KEYWORDS:

African Americans; Longitudinal cohort; School segregation; Sense of control.

PMID:
24056692
PMCID:
PMC3805289
DOI:
10.1093/geronb/gbt089
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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