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Hum Mov Sci. 2014 Feb;33:149-58. doi: 10.1016/j.humov.2013.07.023. Epub 2013 Sep 20.

Short-term effect of whole-body vibration training on balance, flexibility and lower limb explosive strength in elite rhythmic gymnasts.

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University of Athens, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Greece.
University of Athens, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Greece. Electronic address:
University of Athens, G. Gennimatas Hospital, Greece.
Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Rome ''Foro Italico'', Piazza Lauro De Bosis, 15-00194 Rome, Italy; Department of Medicine and Health Science, University of Molise, Via F. De Sanctis, Italy.
University of Athens, Hippokratio Hospital, Greece.
Democritus University of Thrace, University Hospital of Alexandroupolis, Greece.


The purpose of this study was to examine whether whole-body vibration (WBV) training results in short-term performance improvements in flexibility, strength and balance tests in comparison to an equivalent exercise program performed without vibration. Eleven elite rhythmic gymnasts completed a WBV trial, and a control, resistance training trial without vibration (NWBV). The vibration trial consisted of eccentric and concentric squatting exercises on a vibration platform that was turned on, whereas the NWBV involved the same training protocol with the platform turned off. Balance was assessed using the Rhythmic Weight Shift (RWS) based on the EquiTest Dynamic Posturography system; flexibility was measured using the sit & reach test, and lower limb explosive strength was evaluated using standard exercises (squat jump, counter movement jump, single leg squat). All measurements were performed before (pre) immediately after the training program (post 1), and 15 minutes after the end of the program (post 15). Data were analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA was used with condition (WBV-NWBV) as the primary factor and time (pre, post 1, post 15) as the nested within subjects factor, followed by post-hoc pairwise comparison with Bonferroni corrections. Results confirmed the hypothesis of the superiority of WBV training, especially in the post 15 measurement, in all flexibility and strength measures, as well as in a number of balance tests.


Balance; Flexibility; Gymnastics; Muscle strength; Vibration

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