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Cell Rep. 2013 Sep 26;4(6):1168-84. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2013.08.018. Epub 2013 Sep 19.

Double-stranded RNA-binding protein 4 is required for resistance signaling against viral and bacterial pathogens.

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1
Department of Plant Pathology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40546, USA.

Abstract

Plant viruses often encode suppressors of host RNA silencing machinery, which occasionally function as avirulence factors that are recognized by host resistance (R) proteins. For example, the Arabidopsis R protein, hypersensitive response to TCV (HRT), recognizes the turnip crinkle virus (TCV) coat protein (CP). HRT-mediated resistance requires the RNA-silencing component double-stranded RNA-binding protein 4 (DRB4) even though it neither is associated with the accumulation of TCV-specific small RNA nor requires the RNA silencing suppressor function of CP. HRT interacts with the cytosolic fraction of DRB4. Interestingly, TCV infection both increases the cytosolic DRB4 pool and inhibits the HRT-DRB4 interaction. The virulent R8A CP derivative, which induces a subset of HRT-derived responses, also disrupts this interaction. The differential localization of DRB4 in the presence of wild-type and R8A CP implies the importance of subcellular compartmentalization of DRB4. The requirement of DRB4 in resistance to bacterial infection suggests a universal role in R-mediated defense signaling.

PMID:
24055058
DOI:
10.1016/j.celrep.2013.08.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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