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J Contin Educ Nurs. 2013 Dec;44(12):544-52. doi: 10.3928/00220124-20130916-55. Epub 2013 Sep 23.

A nationwide survey of nurses' attitudes toward music therapy and their need for education in its application.



Music therapy is increasingly used to help heal patients. However, there is a significant gap in the literature about nurses' attitudes toward and need for education in music therapy for nursing practice. This cross-sectional study was conducted to describe nurses' attitudes toward music therapy and determine their need for education in music therapy.


Participants included 1,197 nurses who were recruited from hospitals in different regions of Taiwan.


Participants expressed positive attitudes toward music therapy. Most participants were willing to learn about music therapy. "Skill in using musical instruments" was the most frequently identified educational need. Further study of the discrepancy between the attitudes toward "performing music therapy" and "learning music therapy" is needed to clarify why nurses expected that they would receive no support for attending music therapy education.


Given participants' attitudes toward music therapy and their motivation for learning, nursing administrators and educators may consider developing policies to further the advancement of music therapy in educational programs and practice.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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