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Ther Drug Monit. 2013 Oct;35(5):649-52. doi: 10.1097/FTD.0b013e3182966c2f.

Interaction between paliperidone and carbamazepine.

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Department of Neuropsychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki University, Hirosaki, Japan.



This aim of this study was to determine the impact of carbamazepine on the pharmacokinetics of paliperidone.


Six schizophrenic patients initially received a 6-12 mg/d dose of paliperidone alone. Subsequently, a 200 mg/d dose of carbamazepine was administered, and the carbamazepine dose was increased to 400 mg/d and then 600 mg/d. Plasma concentrations of paliperidone before and after carbamazepine coadministration were quantified using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS).


Carbamazepine significantly reduced the plasma concentration of paliperidone. The plasma concentration of paliperidone at baseline and with coadministration of 200, 400, and 600 mg/d were 45.8 ± 11.7, 26.9 ± 13.7, 17.1 ± 8.2, and 15.9 ± 7.6 ng/mL, respectively. The concentration of paliperidone with carbamazepine coadministration at doses of 200, 400, and 600 mg/d were 55.7% ± 20.7%, 36.1% ± 12.2%, and 33.6% ± 10.4%, respectively, of baseline. This effect occurred even at the carbamazepine dose of 200 mg/d and reached a plateau at doses higher than 400 mg/d. However, carbamazepine coadministration exacerbated the psychotic symptoms in some patients.


The results of the present study suggest that adjunctive treatment with carbamazepine reduces the concentration of paliperidone in a dose-dependent manner, most likely because of the induction of several drug-metabolizing enzymes and several drug transporters.

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