Format

Send to

Choose Destination
DNA Repair (Amst). 2013 Nov;12(11):954-63. doi: 10.1016/j.dnarep.2013.08.012. Epub 2013 Sep 17.

Human Pol ε-dependent replication errors and the influence of mismatch repair on their correction.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Tulane University School of Medicine, 1430 Tulane Avenue, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA; Tulane Cancer Center, Tulane University School of Medicine, 1430 Tulane Avenue, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA.

Abstract

Mutations in human DNA polymerase (Pol) ε, one of three eukaryotic Pols required for DNA replication, have recently been found associated with an ultramutator phenotype in tumors from somatic colorectal and endometrial cancers and in a familial colorectal cancer. Possibly, Pol ε mutations reduce the accuracy of DNA synthesis, thereby increasing the mutational burden and contributing to tumor development. To test this possibility in vivo, we characterized an active site mutant allele of human Pol ε that exhibits a strong mutator phenotype in vitro when the proofreading exonuclease activity of the enzyme is inactive. This mutant has a strong bias toward mispairs opposite template pyrimidine bases, particularly T • dTTP mispairs. Expression of mutant Pol ε in human cells lacking functional mismatch repair caused an increase in mutation rate primarily due to T • dTTP mispairs. Functional mismatch repair eliminated the increased mutagenesis. The results indicate that the mutant Pol ε causes replication errors in vivo, and is at least partially dominant over the endogenous, wild type Pol ε. Since tumors from familial and somatic colorectal patients arise with Pol ε mutations in a single allele, are microsatellite stable and have a large increase in base pair substitutions, our data are consistent with a Pol ε mutation requiring additional factors to promote tumor development.

KEYWORDS:

DNA polymerase; DNA replication; Mismatch repair; Mutagenesis

PMID:
24051051
PMCID:
PMC4520434
DOI:
10.1016/j.dnarep.2013.08.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center