Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Prev Med. 2013 Aug;4(8):940-8.

Body image and body change: predictive factors in an Iranian population.

Author information

1
Department of Community Medicine, Neuroscience Research Center, Afzallipour Medical School, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Body concerns and its health consequences such as eating disorders and harmful body change activities are mentioned in Asian countries. This study evaluates factors contributing to body image/shape changes in an Iranian population.

METHODS:

In this cross-sectional study we focused on four main body change activity (diet, exercise, substance use, and surgery) and their risk factors such as demographic variables, Body Mass Index (BMI), Media, Body-Esteem, Perceived Socio-cultural Pressure, Body dissatisfaction and, Self-Esteem. Approximately, 1,200 individuals between 14-55 years old participated in this study. We used a multistage sampling method. In each region, the first household was selected at random. The probability of outcomes was estimated from logistic models.

RESULTS:

About 54.3% of respondents were females. The mean (SD) of age was 31.06 (10.24) years. Variables such as gender, age, BMI, use of media and socio cultural factors as, body dissatisfaction, body-esteem and pressure by relatives were the main factors that influenced body change methods. In particular we have seen that male are 53% less likely to follow surgical treatments, but 125% were more likely to use substances.

CONCLUSIONS:

Investigation of body concern and its health related problem should be assessed in cultural context. For effectiveness of interventional programs and reducing harmful body image/shape changes activities, socio-cultural background should be noted.

KEYWORDS:

Body change activities; Iran; body concern

PMID:
24049621
PMCID:
PMC3775172

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center