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J Indian Soc Periodontol. 2013 May;17(3):302-8. doi: 10.4103/0972-124X.115645.

Vitamin D and periodontal health: Current concepts.

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Department of Periodontics, Shree Balaji Dental College and Hospital, Pallikaranai, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.


Vitamin D is crucial for a wide variety of organ systems; nevertheless, its deficiency is highly prevalent, present in 30-50% of the general population. Evidence has demonstrated that vitamin D deficiency may place subjects at risk for not only low mineral bone density/osteoporosis and osteopenia, but also infectious and chronic inflammatory diseases. Through its effect on bone and mineral metabolism, innate immunity, and several vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms, vitamin D has been reported to be associated with the periodontal disease.


Mineral bone density; periodontal disease; vitamin D; vitamin D receptor gene polymorphism

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